23 noviembre 2010


Sir Ken Robinson es experto en educación y creatividad, en esta conferencia nos habla del cambio de paradigma que necesita la educación. Se pregunta ¿cómo hacemos para que se produzca el cambio y cómo haremos para que éste se mantenga?.

Y su conferencia completa. Dentro del proyecto Opening minds

Sir Ken Robinson siempre nos sorprende con sus afirmaciones sobre la educación y los modelos que estamos utilizando y no son los que necesitan nuestros estudiantes para entusiasmarse con la idea del aprendizaje. En este caso vuelve a ser caústico y toca el tema real de las Competencias:

What are competences?

The Opening Minds curriculum features five categories of competences: learning, citizenship, relating to people, managing situations and managing information. Focusing on competences means that Opening Minds teaching emphasises the ability to understand and to do, rather than just the transmission of knowledge.
These competences are broad areas of capability, developed in classrooms through a mixture of instruction and practical experience: children plan their work, organise their own time and explore their own ways of learning.  
Subject boundaries are less defined than in traditional curriculum teaching, with schools often integrating the teaching of several subjects together into modules or topics, where competences can be developed through the exploration of common themes.   Crucially, the input of teachers and the individual needs of schools are central to the planning of each Opening Minds project.

Five key competences

Each competence category contains a number of individual competences, which are expressed in terms of what a school student could achieve having progressed through the curriculum:
Students would have:
  • understood how to learn, taking into account their preferred learning styles, and understood the need to, and how to, manage their own learning throughout life
  • learned, systematically, to think
  • explored and reached an understanding of their own creative talents, and how best to make use of them
  • learned to enjoy and love learning for its own sake and as part of understanding themselves
  • achieved high standards in literacy, numeracy, and spatial understanding
  • achieved high standards of competence in handling information and communications technology and understood the underlying processes.  
Students would have:
  • an understanding of ethics and values, how personal behaviour should be informed by these, and how to contribute to society
  • understood how society, government and business work, and the importance of active citizenship
  • understood cultural and social diversity, in both national and global contexts, and why these should be respected and valued
  • understood the social implications of technology
  • understood how to manage aspects of their own lives, and the techniques they might use to do so including managing their own financial affairs
Relating to People
Students would have:
  • understood how to relate to other people in varying contexts, including those where they manage, or are managed by, others, and how to get things done
  • understood how to operate in teams, and their own capacities for filling different team roles
  • understood how to develop other people, whether as peer or teacher
  • developed a range of techniques for communicating by different means, and understood how and when to use them
  • developed competence in managing personal and emotional relationships
  • understood, and be able to use, varying means of managing stress and conflict.
Managing Situations
Students would have:
  • understood the importance of managing their own time, and developing techniques for doing so
  • understood what is meant by managing change, and have developed a range of techniques for use in varying situations
  • understood the importance both of celebrating success and managing disappointment, and ways of handling these
  • understood what is meant by being entrepreneurial and initiative-taking, and how to develop capacities for these
  • understood how to manage risk and uncertainty, the wide range of contexts in which these will be encountered, and techniques for managing them.
Managing Information
Students would have:
  • developed a range of techniques for accessing, evaluating and differentiating information and have learned how to analyse, synthesise and apply them
  • understood the importance of reflecting and applying critical judgement, and have learned how to do so.

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